If you are doing many spray painting jobs for your next woodworking project, check out how to make a spray paint booth. The process is easy, and the price of materials to use are affordable. This innovative spray paint booth design will help you prevent over-spraying and running your projects.
For those spacious paint booths, make sure that your area is clean, set some plastic on the ground, and lay your portable roof. You must roll the plastic on every corner so that it won’t rip, and there are no chances that air comes in whenever you are working. You can create a spray paint booth in your workshop for as low $50 since the materials you can use are affordable – some plastic covers the surroundings and a portable roof. Of course, you will also need some devices that would lock everything in place.
The best part of having a spray paint booth is that it helps you avoid any nasty paint fumes while ensuring that you don’t get messy in doing the painting job. So, make sure to keep on reading this article if you want to learn how to build fair spray painting booths for your workshop.
What Are The Materials Needed To Make A Spray Paint Booth in Your Workshop?
The materials used in making a DIY spray paint booth depends on the model and your plan in mind. When it comes to DIY, you will follow specific instructions, but it still depends on the size and materials you want to use.
Generally, the materials needed to make a spray paint booth are measuring tools, pipes, quality, and thick plastic for covering, ventilations, and furnace filler. Some woodworkers also create a spray paint booth from PVC pipe, plastic sheeting, and duct tape. It is not about fancy materials, but it is all about being creative and executing your plans in mind.
How to Make a Spray Paint Booth in Your Workshop?
Most woodworkers prefer using spray paints over brushes because it is more convenient to use. However, note that spray paints have a more pungent scent and chemicals that can stay on the air. Therefore, you must work only on a spray paint booth to make sure that spray painting would not ruin your health, and there would be no paints all over your workshop. So, let us start making a designated area for coloring your woodworking projects
STEP 1 – Get Measurements
First of all, measure your available space to figure out the required dimension of your paint booth. As mentioned, there are several models of spray paint booths. So, make sure that you design your design depending on your space, materials you want to use, and the projects you want to accomplish.
STEP 2 – Draw Your Plan
The next step would be sketching out the frame of your spray paint booth. It would help you determine how much pipe you’ll need to build its foundation. The structure will need a vertical pipe and vertical supports in the back wall and both sidewalls in each corner. This model will also need horizontal pieces around the top, back, and on the sides around the middle. Again, keep your plan or sketch realistic as possible. Build a model that you can make with the available resources and space that you have.
STEP 3 – Determine The Length Of Pipes
Once you measure and sketch your design for your spray paint booth, it would be a lot easier to determine the proper length of popes. For extra support, divide the sides into two sections at the top. Then, split the middle pole over the top of the booth into two sections for the middle extra vertical support.
Decide what you want your booth to be, considering the height of your garage. Note that the height poles will also be split into two sections. Mark how long you wish each section to be on your sketch. All parallel pipes should stand equally.
STEP 4 – Mark And Cut Your Pipes Or Frame
Mark the points where you need to cut on the pipe. Gather up your pipe and measure every piece that you need. Use a permanent marker to designate where each piece should be cut. Then, layout your tube before you cut it to make sure it looks right. Cut the pieces to length by the marks you’ve made.
Next, secure the pipe in a small workbench with two planks acting as a vise on each side, or with a table-mounted vise by slicing right through the marks you made on the pipe. Use a PVC saw or clamp-style pipe cutter to see through the pipe. Then, slide the saw back and forth while applying a light downward pressure to cut it through. Then, rub them down with a sanding block to clear the ends of the pipe.
STEP 5 – Layout Your Pipes Or Frame
Layout the pipes depending on how you want them to put together. Position the elbows at the corners and T connectors where three lines meet together. You will also need small sections to fix the T connectors at the corners to the elbows.
STEP 6 – Connect Your Pipes
Once you have laid out your pipes and think that all measurements are correct, you can now start connecting your lines. Start with the front corner then continue to the back frames. When it comes to connecting PVC pipes, using an elbow connector is an excellent choice to make sure that you can build a durable foundation. When you think that this task is too heavy for you, don’t hesitate to ask for help. Remember, two heads are better than one.
STEP 7 – Build Your Booth Foundation
Continue working on the rest of the corner posts using T connectors until you have connected them. Make sure that the booth’s foundation can stand alone and that it is close to the sketch that you made earlier. More importantly, ensure that every corner and side is bolted firmly to prevent accidental disassembly once you try to cover it up.
STEP 8 – Secure Pipes
Secure each pipe by placing it entirely inside the PVC joint. Breaking the PVC pipe or joints with your bare hands is extremely difficult so apply plenty of pressure to ensure a tight fit. Press each joint into the pipe. You might need to twist the pipe a bit to get everything tightly connected.
STEP 9 – Eclose The Booth
You can use plastic sheeting, wrap it around the frames, and enclose the booth. Ensure that you place it over the, down, and each side of the spray paint booth. However, make sure that you make a cut for the entryway and when you want to put an exhaust at the back.
STEP 10 – Set Up The Flooring
You don’t want to get a messy floor whenever you start spray painting, do you? So, make sure to set up the flooring as efficiently as possible. You can either use a plastic or cloth inside the booth. Then, position the materials so that the corners rest on each leg of the paint booth.
Push out any creases or bubbles, make sure it’s flat. Then, lift the legs of each paint booth one at a time to push the edges of the drop cloth beneath each leg. If the cloth or plastic doesn’t fit properly or doesn’t line up beneath the paint booth’s legs, step back to inspect the legs. Every portion should be close-perpendicular to the ground. Adjust accordingly depending on what you need.
STEP 11 – Proper Ventilation
Build a ventilating box fan structure. Place a box fan high enough to clear the middle PVC pipe of your paint booth. You can use a small stepladder, cardboard boxes, or other temporary structures. Position the structure to one side outside the booth. If necessary, because of limited space, place the design from the middle PVC pipe so that it is about 1 inch (2.5 cm) away. It will set the ladder’s legs inside the booth, but plastic will cover them.
Cut a hole at the height you have it, which is almost precisely the fan’s size. Pull the plastic to the fan’s edge, and seal it with tape around. Then, add extra plastic to ensure you get a tight seal if you need to. Face the fan to the inside of the booth because you will create positive pressure, which means you will blow in the air and let it out in a different filter. If instead, you pulled air through the fan from the paint booth, you might end up drawing dangerous fumes into the fan’s engine.
Tape a furnace filter onto the fan’s back. You don’t want the booth to blow dust, so find a filter that’s the same size as the fan. Use duct tape to screw it to the fan back. If you prefer, you can do the opposite, too. Instead of a fan back, you can tape a filter into the side of the booth. Face the fan towards the filter, then.
Mount a furnace filter with duct tape inside the plastic. Cut a hole in the plastic large enough on the opposite side of the fan for a filter. Tape it to the plastic in place, making sure that all edges are sealed with tape. It would be best if you always run the fan when using the paint booth.
STEP 12 – Proper Maintenance Of The Fillers And The Whole Booth
Once you have built and use your spray paint booth, proper maintenance is a must. Replace your regular filters. Eventually, the furnace filters fill up with overspray and paint dust. Every time you change the filter, either pull up the existing duct tape holding it in place, or cut it out with a blade. Please be careful not to cut the plastic when using a blade. Adding the new filter with a different color duct tape can be helpful each time, so you know which tape to remove or cut without touching the wrong adhesive.
Building A $50 DIY Collapsible Spray Paint Tent
If you only have limited space in your garage or your woodworking shop, here’s how to build a $50 DIY collapsible spray paint tent. Put it up when you need it, and put it down when you are finished working on your project. Regardless, it may sound cheap, but this collapsible booth may be the answer with all your woes when it comes to messy spray paints.
If you don’t want to spend so much money building a spray paint booth, make one for as low as $50 since the materials you can use are affordable. However, more than the prices, make sure that you look for quality to make sure you can use the booth accurately and efficiently.
STEP 1 – Cut 12 Lengths Of PVC Pipes That Are 7-Foot Long Each
Start by cutting PVC pipes, even the used ones, make sure that it has about ¾ inch diameter. This way, you can be sure that your spray paint booth will have a rigid support structure. On the other hand, a 7-foot frame guarantees that even tall people can fit the booth’s stands.
STEP 2 – Connect Your 7-Foot Frames To 3-Way PVC Side Outlet
Like the first model, you have to build frames and foundations that are durable and always stable. To connect all those PVC pipes until you create a cube. Start with the front corner then proceed to the rear frames. Using an elbow connector is an excellent choice when it comes to connecting PVC pipes to ensure you can build a durable foundation. If you feel this task is too heavy for you, do not hesitate to ask for help.
STEP 3 – Plastic Wrap Your Frame
For your 7-foot frame, you need at least six plastics that are about 9×12 feet in size. Start on one side and tape the drop cloths to the top. Then, go around the booth while making sure that you cover all sides except for the floor. After covering the ceiling and walls, you can tilt the tent and slide another drop cloth to cover the floor. You can also use the plastic that you will be used for wrapping the walls and the ceiling if you prefer. More importantly, make sure that you seal every border and the roof correctly.
STEP 4 – Hop In And Starting Painting
Since this is only a 50 DIY Collapsible Spray Paint Tent, the making and materials used are simple and convenient. However, while shopping for the things required, make sure that you always prioritize quality above all else. Otherwise, you would end up spending more than saving some bucks with this model. If you are in an area with too much humidity, you can use a box fan to cut the air’s moisture and let the paint dry.
For every project that you finish, make sure to tear off the plastic and throw it away because it will likely be covered in the paint once you finish one item. Then, you can disassemble the pipes and frames that you installed. Keep it ready until your next spray painting project. So, how much can you spend on this spray paint booth model?
- A PVC pipe is about $2.28 each, and you need 12 pieces, so that would be $27.36.
- Elbows are usually $1.60 each, and you’ll be needing at least eight, so the total would be $12.80.
- Plastic drop cloths are $8.98 for 12, but you will only be using 6 for a tent, equivalent to $4.49.
- Finally, it would help if you had a painter’s tape, which is approximately $3.93 a roll.
- Overall, the total is $48.58 for a DIY Collapsible Spray Paint Tent.
Next time, you will only be paying for plastic drop cloths and painter’s tape whenever you need to paint again.
How To Use A Spray Paint In A Spray Paint Booth?
Spray painting on wooden items is an easy way to achieve a smooth, even finish. It is particularly true of things with intricate designs. While brush painting can result in dribs and brush marks, spray paint can give you an almost perfect look. As with all other materials, wood requires specific preparatory steps before applying spray paint.
There is no faster and more convenient way of painting small to medium-sized parts and projects than spray painting. The challenge is how to apply a smooth, even paint coat with no runs, drips, and errors? Sprinkling paint is deceivingly easy to do but hard to perfect. It certainly helps practice and experience, but several techniques will help you spray paint like a pro.
Start Smooth, So You Have A Smooth Finish
Typically, spray paint has a shine that reflects light when dry and highlights any surface imperfections, including scratches, dents, and nicks. So you must sand the surface smooth before spraying on the final coat of paint and then apply at least two primer coats. Moreover, be sure to get some sand between every skin. You can brush on the primer, but it’s much faster to spray the primer.
In spray-painting wood, applying a primer and then sanding is especially crucial because the first coat of priming will raise the wood’s grain, creating a smooth and rough-textured surface. Sanding the primer with very fine sandpaper—180-or 220-grit — will knock down the raised grain and leave the next primer coat behind a smooth surface, then the topcoat paint.
You can use an orbital sander finish, but just as significant is hand sanding with a sanding block wrapped in sandpaper. Be sure to use a tack cloth after sanding to remove any sanding dust before applying the next coat of primer or paint. Remember, the key to a smooth finish spray paint coat is to start with a sanded-smooth and plastered surface.
A simple yet effective way to spray smaller items onto a lazy Susan turntable, which you can buy for as low as $6. Then, rotate the turntable slowly while spraying on the paint. Be sure to keep the can from the piece at a consistent distance to avoid drips.
Finish The Small Parts First
Try this trick to spray small fasteners like screws, nails, bolts, cup hooks, and screw eyes then fasten them into a cardboard sheet. Stand up the cardboard, and spray it onto the paint.
Use a Big Drop Cloth For Huge Woodworking Projects
Do not waste time tapping together newspaper sheets to capture overspray when spray painting larger projects; they will only rip and fall apart as you paint. Instead, a large plastic spread out, or, better yet, canvas drop cloth. It will provide plenty of over-spray protection as you apply the paint.
A Spray-Pattern Test Helps A Lot
Before you put the spray paint on the workpiece, shake the can until you hear the mixing ball bounce around inside. Test the spray pattern of the can. It’s essential by spraying some paint on a large piece of cardboard or scrap plywood. Once you see the spray test, you can adjust your technique and determine how you can hold the can away from the workpiece.
When spray-painting large or long items, you can start by spraying an inch or so off the piece’s edge, and continue spraying across and off the far edge all the way. Stay the piece’s distance consistently and hold the can parallel to the surface, don’t sweep your arm back and forth in an arc.
Use Tough Paint for Demanding Jobs
For high-gloss coating that resists rust and chemicals, take a tip from the auto-body industry. The resin and the solvents, like epoxy, remain separate until you are ready to paint.
Clean and Prep
Another significant cross-over from the auto-body industry is the rubbing of compounds that simultaneously cleans and abrades the surface. It’s excellent to buffer scratches, but it can also be used before spray painting to prepare the surface. Be sure to clean any residue from the compound before painting.
Hide Knots with Shellac
To avoid bleeding through a topcoat of paint or varnish with sticky, resinous tree knots, spray on a clear shellac coating or a white primer containing shellac. Shellac is a natural resin secreted by female lac bugs in Southeast Asia. It does an excellent job of sealing tree knots and locking them up in odors and stains.
Hide Grain With a High-Build Primer
Rough and grainy wood texture tends to display through most spray paints, leaving you with a textured surface that still does not look quite finished. Use high-build primers, often labeled as a filler and sandable primers, if you are painting something like fir plywood. They are thicker but dry quickly, so apply multiple coats within a relatively short time. Use a thick spray-on coating, which is a rubber aerosol coating, if you want to cover up the grain.
Add a Handle for Better Spraying
If you have plenty of spray-painting to do or spray a large project, consider using a spray-can tool like the Can-Gun 1. This smartly designed accessory is a pistol-grip handle that can clip onto a spray-paint. It provides a much more comfortable, natural way to spray paint once attached, and it eliminates fatigue and cramping on the finger.
Cover Surrounding Area and OTher Objects
Spray paint consists of tiny particles that can settle on surfaces surrounding before you even notice it, so it is essential to protect them in advance. Use newspapers, drop cloths, or masking tape to cover all surrounding objects and the floor.
Clean Thoroughly Without Wetting
Clean it thoroughly after you have sanded your piece, and remove all the sawdust. Avoid using water as it will get through the wood and cause damage. Use a vacuum cleaner to clean out the area thoroughly. Any dust in the surrounding area when the paint is wet can land on the furniture.
Spray painting is convenient to do; however, make sure that you follow standard procedures. For example, you must always wear a respirator mask when you’re painting inside the tent. If you work without one, you are exposing yourself to harmful chemicals and elements. You should also wear safety glasses, nitrile or latex gloves, and long sleeves or pants when you go in there. We all want to do beautiful woodworking projects, but your safety is always the priority.